WET STAIN REMOVAL
Often times, stains can be removed simply by washing with warm water (e.g.. sugar stains). For this purpose, the stained fabric is stretched on the cup, deep plate or salad bowl, then the dirty place is poured several times clean, hot water, until the moment, when the stain is completely gone. Textiles made of polyvinyl chloride fibers (PVC), e.g.. Vylan, temperature resistant up to 50 ° C, therefore only lukewarm water is used to remove stains. In the case of greasy stains, this method is only effective then, when a detergent for washing delicate fabrics is added to the water, foaming agent, etc.. Think carefully before wet-staining a specific part of your garment, whether the fabric is water-resistant. If there is no certainty about it, first perform a test on an inconspicuous part of the clothing. In case of, when water stains appear on the fabric, you have to make up your mind, is it possible to moisten the entire garment with water. There are fabrics that are very sensitive to water, as well as fabrics, who hate contact with water at all, like for example. chinese glitter and sparkling fabrics (changing), which were cold-dyed with basic dyes without mordant. In this case, extreme caution is therefore advised against treating the fabric with water or chemicals dissolved in water. The safest thing to do is to try to treat the stain with gasoline. Often also colored threads, framed in a rigid canvas for the desired effect, they are sometimes not resistant to water. Depending on this, to what extent the stain substance has penetrated the fabric, mainly depending on this, how long has the stain existed, the detergent effect can be enhanced by lightly tapping the stained fabric with a tampon or a brush (drawing).
You can pat the fabric on both sides. It is better to pat delicate fabrics on the left side with a very soft brush.
After wet cleaning, excess water should be removed from the fabric immediately. A sponge or a well-wrung chamois is used for this purpose. It is also possible to wrap the damp cloth in dry cloth several times (drawing).
The remaining moisture after these drying procedures is evenly spread over the fabric with a strongly wrung out sponge.. Thanks to this, the formation of the so-called. areolae of spots (drawing).
By the way, the areola may arise through no fault of the person removing the stain, if, during stain removal, the finish of the fabric dissolves and the finishing agent is absorbed by the agent used to remove the stain. These types of shells are removed by evaporating the fabric in a boiling water jug.
Water-resistant fabrics can be stained with the simultaneous use of water and a solvent, or with the use of a special preparation containing a solvent, like for example. gasoline or turpentine soap. Relevant tips are provided in the base part of the page.
One more piece of advice on the use of synthetic fiber products, e.g.. from Dederon or Vylan. Due to their grease-affinity properties, these fabrics easily absorb dirt and sweat. The more sweat the fabric absorbs, the easier it is to retain dust and dirt. Therefore, products made of these synthetic fibers should be washed immediately after use in cold or lukewarm water. This method is commonly used for white and light-colored stockings and fabrics, which easily take on a grayish tinge.