STAIN REMOVAL BY STEAM
Often, water-soluble stains can also be removed with steam. A kettle is needed for this. It is filled with a little water, which is heated to boiling point, then the stained area of the fabric is treated with the steam emitted from the kettle, while being careful, so as not to burn yourself. You should be as careful as possible, hot steam can cause severe burns.
Steam can be removed, for example. sweat stains on the collar or sugar stains, as well as dirt, which only settles on the surface of the fabric, not penetrating into its deeper layers. In addition, you can evaporate unsightly coats of already cleaned stains, which often remain on the fabric after removing stains with a special stain remover.
However, the steam can damage the fabric, if e.g.. a certain type of fiber is not resistant to high temperatures. It happens, that the water vapor fixes the protein stains (e.g.. chicken egg stains, from blood, etc.) due to coagulation (shearing) proteins. For fabrics that are not resistant to wet processing (e.g.. silks, taffeta, pepita made of artificial viscose fibers, etc.) steam can damage the fabric due to discoloration (bleeding dyes), due to high temperature. Steam removal can also damage the so-called. fabric trim (e.g.. Acetate rayon satin loses its shine and becomes dull).
All of them apply when using steam, generally known rules for all stain removal methods, and so:
1. Specify the type of stain.
2. Examine the fabric and select the appropriate chemicals depending on the type of fiber and dyes.
3. The solvent should soak into the top or bottom layer of the fabric (Lynx).
4. After removing the stain, the residue of the liquid used to remove the stain should be evenly spread with a sponge or cloth on the surface of the fabric (Lynx.).
5. The stain-free fabric should dry as quickly as possible; for this purpose, the cleaned surface should be dried with a clean tampon or - in the case of washing in water - the damp part of the clothing should be wrapped in a dry cloth (Lynx.).