STAINS ON LEATHER PRODUCTS
Cured leather is porous and breathable, with the exception of patent leather, the surface of which is covered with an impermeable layer of varnish. Leather porosity, beneficial for utility reasons of clothing made of leather, footwear, gloves etc.. - however, it leads to an increase in the water absorption of leather and dirt absorption, course, fat etc.. Staining leather products is not easy, because they cannot be acted on both ways, as with fabrics. Only with thin leather products can you try to act on the stained places on both sides, e.g.. in the case of thin gloves stained with grease.
In most cases, stain removal attempts are made to remove grease with a highly absorbent substance. However, if gasoline or another solvent is used, then it can happen, that the skin will become discolored. In no case should acetone be used to remove stains from the skin, because most leather pigments dissolve completely not only in acetone, but also in amyl acetate or in a nitro solvent. Natural-colored leather products are easier to remove stains than dyed ones. Before removing stains from leather products, the stain removal methods listed should be carefully checked, especially then, when they are high-quality products.
It needs to be highlighted that, that stained and moist or wet skin should be thoroughly dried before removing the stains, however, it is not allowed to place leather items or in the sun, nor near a stove or heater, because high temperatures negatively affect the elasticity of the skin, drying it excessively, which in turn causes it to break.
Ink. Leather shoes stained with ink can be cleaned with oxalic acid. However, removing ink stains, especially from the so-called. attraction Gallusa, it is very difficult, because ink adheres strongly to the tannins of leather. When removing ink stains, discoloration of the product occurs most often, because oxalic acid has a whitening effect. Thus, the use of oxalic acid does not raise any objections only in the case of white skin.
Bride. Dirty leather shoes are rubbed several times with shoe polish. If this treatment does not have the desired results, moisten the cloth with a small amount of turpentine and wipe the lightly stained area with it, then apply a layer of paste again, because the solvent also dissolves the wax, leaving a matte place on the surface of the skin. It is best to wipe dirt stains on leather clothes with an ammonium carbonate solution.
Dirty gloves The glace is covered with a slurry of magnesia and gasoline or carbon tetrachloride. You can also try to clean your glace gloves with a diluted solution of a high-quality detergent with a small amount of ammonia.. However, this only applies to non-dyed gloves, cleaning according to the method described above may discolor the skin. Into the water, in which gloves are washed, add a few drops of olive oil.
Stains on suede shoes they are very difficult to remove, because suede is naturally sensitive to dirt and moisture (rain, snow). It is enough to slightly wet the suede, that dirt settles on it, which is not easy to remove. In any case, dry the stained suede shoes first. Dry suede shoes are first cleaned against the grain with a wire brush, thus removing most of the dirt accumulated on the surface. The thickest parts of the dirt are removed with a simple rubber brush. Stained places, and also the shine on the suede surface is rubbed with a soft pencil eraser. This treatment leaves no traces on the suede. However, a big mistake is cleaning stains on shoes with suede sandpaper, because in this way complete mechanical destruction of the epidermis occurs. Only in rare cases, when other methods fail, wipe the stained or glossy place very lightly and gently with this paper. A good way to remove many stains from dirt and shine is also keeping suede shoes for a short time over steam, which straightens the skin fibers and restores its original appearance.
Dirt stains on smooth and suede-like leather are cleaned with a detergent solution, e.g.. water with detergent or a foaming detergent. Some dirt and grease stains are removed in this case with a solvent, preferably gasoline.
Nowadays, all kinds of velor leather garments are more commonly worn. It is suitably finished goat or calf leather. Stained and dirty clothes, made of velor leather, it should be washed completely rather than stain removed. When washing velor clothes, however, the skin is greatly degreased, what can cause, that the leather will become hard and prone to cracking after drying.
Products made of velor leather are washed in lukewarm water with the addition of high-quality detergents. After washing, the clothes should be thoroughly rinsed in clean water and dried at room temperature. It needs to be highlighted that, that washing velor garments at home often ends in complete failure and destruction of the garment, therefore, we strongly advise you to have this type of garment washed in a good dry cleaning service.