STAINS ON CARPETS, FUR AND TRIMMING
Carpets and rugs are in constant contact with dust and dirt. The method of cleaning carpets is similar to cleaning upholstered furniture. In both cases, it is about removing dirt from the outside of the product.
For this purpose, one strives either to liquefy the dirt, or until it is absorbed by the solvent. For cleaning carpets, neutral detergents or foaming preparations are ideal. It is important to systematically clean the entire surface of the carpet, piece by piece. Avoid excessive saturation of the carpet with water or solvent, because this may entail dissolving the finish. Excess liquid is removed with clean dry rags, sponges, lignin or chamois leather. A sponge and a chamois leather are best suited for this purpose. They are needed to suck water out of the carpet 2 sponges and 2 pieces of chamois leather: one sponge (or chamois leather) dissolved dirt is removed, second, rinsed in clean water, the surface of the carpet is wiped, spreading the remaining moisture evenly.
If a solvent is used to clean the carpet, stain remover or gasoline, one should take into account the consumption of a relatively large amount of these funds. Carpet cleaning should be done outdoors, always remember about the risk of fire, especially then, when cleaning synthetic fiber carpets.
Before cleaning the carpet should be checked, if it is not finished with a layer of latex on the bottom (polyvinyl acetate). Carpets finished in this way are cleaned only with water solutions of foaming washing agents, as organic solvents can damage them.
Cleaning the carpet may discolor it, so we refresh it with water and vinegar. Also remember, that the carpet may shrink when wet cleaning.
Finally, a few tips on how to remove stains from carpets. The stains are very distinct, conspicuous (e.g.. from fat or wax) require prior spot removal with a paste made of magnesia and gasoline. To remove a hardened wax stain from the rug surface, first we iron it through the blotting paper with a hot iron. This is only possible then, when the carpet is made of heat-resistant fibers. When it comes to removing ink stains from carpets, rather, we advise you to abandon the related treatments, as they inevitably lead to discoloration of the carpet; unless they are small and superficial spots, then the ink can be dissolved with dilute ammonia.
Coconut rugs and mats
Dirty pavements and coconut mats can be cleaned with sawdust. The surface of the pavement or mat is sprinkled with a fairly thick layer of heated sawdust, they rub off the dirt, then brush them over. You can also use sawdust moistened with a little solvent, e.g.. stain remover, or carbon tetrachloride, however, in this case the cleaning operation must be carried out very quickly, to prevent solvent evaporation. Both cleaning and shaking of pavements and mats should be done in the open air.
Fur coats and fur mums
Fur products are very easy to clean, using heated sawdust. Grease stains are removed from furs and stains with magnesia paste (-> grease on carpets and upholstered furniture).
Linoleum floor coverings, Plastic masses or rubbers are washed off with lukewarm soapy water and scouring powder. Heavily soiled areas (e.g.. grease) can be cleaned with scouring powder or wet scrub with a brush.
Among the above-mentioned floor coverings, linoleum is the most absorbent. After drying, the linoleum is rubbed with a floor paste. PVC floor coverings (polyvinyl chloride) and rubber flooring is rubbed lightly with wax. When a thicker layer of wax is applied to the surface of the carpet, a greasy crust forms, in which dirt and dust accumulate. Stains can be removed from the carpet with a floor polish. Solvents are used rather rarely, because they damage the surface of carpets, especially linoleum and PVC. As a rule of thumb, try to soften the stain with gray soap or soapy water first, and only then, when this procedure turns out to be ineffective, rub the stain very carefully with a cloth soaked in solvent, preferably turpentine or technical gasoline. Linoleum stained with grease or oil can be cleaned with a paste made of magnesia and gasoline, however, before applying the paste, the stained area should be degreased as thoroughly as possible with a solvent, otherwise the absorption capacity of the paste will be insufficient.