Borax used to remove fruit stains, tea and coffee, to remove tannin from teapots and coffee machines, and to soften hard water. In the form of a paste, it is used to remove dirt from carpets.
Bleaching chloride is a good substitute for chlorine bleach. The powder is mixed with water to a pasty consistency and applied to a damp cloth, which should be rinsed thoroughly in cold water after each application.
Detergents in liquid and powder, they often perfectly remove fresh stains from clothes, which can be washed wet. The powder must be mixed with water, and use the liquid without diluting it. Spread the detergent on the stain, rubbing between my fingers. Rinse, holding the fabric taut under a stream of cold water. Then turn the fabric over and repeat the treatment on the other side. If specified in the manual, that the liquid detergent must be poured directly onto the stain, should be checked, that there are no objections on the tag. Not all liquid detergents can be safely poured directly onto fabrics.
Granular or liquid detergents ?
Granular detergents remove mud and clay better than liquid detergents. Liquid detergents are more suitable for removing greasy and oily stains. Some products may additionally contain enzymes and bleach.
Glycerine it is a component of many solvents available on the market. In its pure form, it is a poor solvent, but good for softening some stains. Available: chemical stores, drugstore.
Hot water. Water with a temperature above 60 ° C removes most soil dirt and has a sterilizing effect. This is especially true of white cotton fabrics, of linen and heavily soiled, color-fast cotton fabrics. Precautions: reduces the elasticity of some synthetic fibers; may cause some colors to "drop".
Oxalic acid is a poisonous substance, sold in the form of crystals. Perfect for removing rust.
Recommendations: Oxalic acid is poisonous and must be handled with care. The method of utilizing the used acid is regulated by relevant regulations. This substance should be used, taking precautions and working with gloves. Keep out of the reach of children and pets.
Where to buy: on special order in chemical stores.
Citric acid. Some stain removers on the market contain citric acid. To, which also contain gasoline, are a combination of solvent and bleach.
Precautions: Always test before use. Products containing gasoline should be used in well-ventilated rooms.
Where to buy: grocery stores.
Soap. Sometimes the so-called. gray soap. Bath soap is not suitable for this, because it contains moisturizing agents, aromatic, dyes and deodorants alone can stain the fabric.
Kerosene for years it has been an excellent agent for removing sediments from hard water on bathtubs, sinks and ceramic tiles.
Precautions: Kerosene is flammable and toxic; take precautionary measures. Where to buy: hardware stores.
Vinegar it is diluted (usually 5% or 10%) acetic acid. Before use to clean linen and cotton fabrics, it should be diluted even more. The vinegar changes the color of some dyes, so you always have to do a test first.
Rust remover. This agent removes rust immediately. Precautions: it should be worn with gloves. Where to buy: hardware stores.
Eucalyptus oil. Eucalyptus plants are highly valued not only because of this, that they provide wood, but also because of the resin and leaves. The oil is obtained from eucalyptus leaves. It is widely used in the cosmetics and food industry. Can be useful for softening certain lubricants. Precautions: first you need to test in a hidden place. Do not rub when applying. Where to buy: drugstore.
Abrasive powders they have all sorts of purposes: some perfectly clean rust stains on cast iron, others are good for washing sinks, bathtubs etc., and still others, very delicate, for cleaning glass and stainless steel surfaces.
WASHING Soda (sodium carbonate) – Washing soda, i.e. sodium carbonate, used to remove grease, fats and water softeners. It is added to the laundry in proportion 4 spoons (60 ml) for a full load and reduces the amount of detergent. If the clothes are very dirty, more soda is added. Recommendations: not suitable for wool and silk. Where to buy: chemical stores and soap factories.
BAKING SODA (sodium bicarbonate) – Baking soda is cheap, non-scratching cleaning and deodorizing agent. It can be used as a fine abrasive powder or mixed with water, to create a cleaning paste.
Where to buy: grocery stores, chemical stores.
Sunlight. Sometimes the whitening effect can also be achieved by natural means. For example, delicate lace, which could be damaged by the use of bleach, perfectly regain their whiteness in the sun. It is enough to baste them to the sheet, which are then hung on three or four clotheslines for several hours. To restore the whiteness of a yellowed fabric, wet it and expose it to strong sun. Gradually it should regain its original color. Recommendations: some fibers are weakened by the action of the sun.
Terpentyna is a solvent used to dilute oil paints. It is also perfect for removing grease and paint stains from fabrics, if the fabric fibers tolerate turpentine.
Basel used to soften "stubborn" oil and grease stains, but then, to remove them, the stain needs to be additionally degreased.
Hydrogen peroxide (3-percentage) is a safe and convenient stain remover. For white fabrics (except for some synthetic silks and white nylon) on one part of the 3% hydrogen peroxide added 3 parts of hot water, 1/4 teaspoons of vinegar and a drop of ammonia. Soak the stain through 10 minutes, then rinse well. Repeat if necessary. Precautions: It is better to buy hydrogen peroxide in small packages, that it is always fresh - with time, and also loses its power when exposed to light. (Check the expiry date on the label). Where to buy: chemical stores, drugstore, pharmacies.
Bleaches. Bleaching agents help remove stains and restore whiteness to naturally yellowed fabrics.
You always have to choose a bleach, which is safe for the fabric. Where to buy: chemical stores, drugstore.