First, some tips for essential household stain removal utensils. The most important among them is clean, smooth (hairless) and fraying linen rags, which the stain remover is applied to the fabric and into which the dissolved dirt from the stains soaks.

Instead of linen rags, cut lignin or paper tissues can be used for this purpose, which is very practical, because they are thrown away after use. However, lignin and paper tissues are only suitable for removing dissolved dirt.

Two brushes are required for wet cleaning: softer for thin and delicate fabrics and sharper - for strong fabrics, thick. Two cloth brushes are also required for dry cleaning. Rubber or plastic sponges are perfect for applying foam cleaners as well as other wet cleaners to the fabric.. After cleaning the fabric, excess cleaning agent can be removed from its surface, using absorbent, with a dry sponge. Deerskin as well as pieces of terry cloth can also be used. In order to dry the fabric faster, it should be rolled up, layered with a terry towel. Sometimes a hard crust forms on the surface of the stain, which should be scraped with a blunt knife or wooden stick. Moreover, these devices are also suitable for applying small amounts of liquid chemicals to the fabric.

The small bowls of the stain removal tool should also be replaced, deep plate and cup. These dishes are used to remove water-soluble contaminants. Plain kettle, found in every kitchen, is used to generate steam, which is also used for removing stains. Special utensils are described in the tips and tricks on how to remove stains from fabrics, in ch. Stains on fabrics.

Then a few comments about chemicals used to remove stains. These chemicals, covered in the base part of the book, should be used with extreme caution, recommended for all chemicals. Stockist staff can provide advice and guidance on the proper handling of certain chemicals, while warning buyers of the possible dangers of using them.

Chemicals are often poisons or flammable substances, therefore, keep them out of the reach of children, and take into account the risk of fire or explosion. Therefore, before use, you should carefully familiarize yourself with the properties of the chemicals used. Therefore, only original packaging is suitable for the storage of chemicals in the household (bottles, boxes etc.), where these substances are sold. In no case should you overflow, transfer or transfer chemicals into food packaging, it would be shameful recklessness. If you keep any chemicals at home in beer or orangeade bottles, then do not hesitate to remove them immediately. Numerous serious, sometimes even fatal poisoning with chemicals used to remove stains is a sad testimony to human recklessness.

Poisonous substances sold on the market are always labeled with the words “poison” or “Take care!”. You should pay attention to this, that this inscription is always clear. Also, no residual chemicals should be stored, but - possibly after seeking the advice of a specialist - they must be destroyed. In this way, you can protect yourself and your surroundings from unnecessary damage or even from danger .

The chemicals are discussed below, occurring in the form of solids and liquids, most commonly used in the household to remove stains from fabrics and other items. Systematic or jargon names are given in brackets.

Bleaching chemicals

Potassium hypochlorite or sodium hypochlorite solution (Javelle water or Labarraque water), potassium permanganate (time), hydrogen peroxide (3-percentage of hydrogen peroxide).

Chemicals that dissolve and break down stains

Ammonia (aqueous ammonia solution), called ammonia water, borax (sodium tetraborate), glycerine (glycerol), vinegar (dilute acetic acid), potassium acid oxalate (oxalic salt - poison!), sodium thiosulfate (antychlor), dilute hydrochloric acid, soap spirit (liquid soap with spirit), citric acid or tartaric acid, turpentine oil or turpentine, magnesium (magnesium oxide).


Acetone or amyl acetate, petrol, denatured alcohol or propyl alcohol (propanol) and the most common commercial stain remover or carbon tetrachloride (tetra), tri (trichlorethylene), per (tetrachlorethylene). The chemicals listed are available from specialist stores.