Removing stains from clothes.
Grease stains. Tap the stain with a tampon moistened with gasoline, benzenem, trichlorethylene or carbon tetrachloride. Then moisten the stain abundantly with the solvent used to moisten the tampon, sprinkle talcum powder. After drying, remove talc by brushing.
Trichlorethylene and carbon tetrachloride cannot be used with acetate silk fabrics.
Tar stains. Treat as with fats, using turpentine at the beginning, later gasoline or benzene.
Fruit juice or wine stains.
• Moisten the stain with warm water, followed by a solution containing 10 g of tartaric or citric acid v 50 cm3 of water. Po 15 rinse with water, if necessary, repeat the treatment. Finally rinse with water with a little ammonia water. If there is any color residue, moisten with hydrogen peroxide and rinse with water after several minutes.
• Moisten the stained area with water, followed by a solution of tartaric or citric acid (10 g w 50 cm3 of water), soak copiously with sodium sulphite or sulphite solution, containing 5 g sulfite w 100 cm3 of water. When the stain becomes discolored, rinse with water several times. This method can be used for white fabrics, to colorful – only after checking, that the dye of the fabric is not discolored by sulfite.
Blue or blue-black ink stains. Rub the glycerin on the stain with your finger or a glass stick. Rinse with water after a few minutes. Repeat as long, until the glycerin ceases to color. Wet the stain with a solution of oxalic acid (10 g w 100 cm3 of water), rinse with water after a few minutes, then diluted 1:10 with ammonia water and again with clean water. If any residual color remains, they should be bleached with hydrogen peroxide (colored fabrics after checking the action of hydrogen peroxide).
Rust stains. Moisten the stain with the water-containing solution 10 g of tartaric or citric acid v 20 cm3 of water. The accessory works well 5 g of aluminum-potassium alum, but it is not necessary. Po 15 rinse with water. Repeat the treatment until the stain disappears.
Blood stains. Wash off with cold water with a little citric acid, do not use hot water or soap, for they make the blood insoluble. Soapy water can only be used in the final stage after rinsing out the citric acid.
Paraffin stains, stearin or wax. Place filter paper on the stain and under the stain and iron with a medium-hot iron. The melted substances soak into the filter paper, which should be changed with each stroke of the iron. Remove any residue with benzene, or in the case of wax – anhydrous ethyl alcohol, in the same way as for greasy stains.
Stains from green plants. Touch the stain with a tampon soaked in gasoline, then in anhydrous or 96% alcohol (do not use denatured alcohol, because this one contains a dye!), after checking that the dye of the fabric is not washed off with alcohol. If traces remain after drying, pat them with a tampon moistened with glycerin, rinse with water and dry.