Removing stains and dirt - Silver
Silver is a metal, which cover many objects. It looks better with use and is easy to care for with special ones, ready-made preparations.
There are several excellent silver cleaners on the market. Powder cleaners and foams save a lot of work. However, soaking preparations should be used with caution. As the silver coating thinner and the base metal is exposed, the use of soaking agents will cause dark spots. They can be removed by applying the polish several times.
Silver cutlery stain eggs quickly, alone, vinegar and sauces. Intensive cleaning can be avoided, if you immerse them in hot water containing some liquid detergent immediately after removing them from the table.
Restaurateurs found out, that washing in a dishwasher requires frequent silvering of cutlery. Electroplating, specialists dealing with silvering damaged cutlery have no doubts, that dishwashing detergents wear off the coating much faster than normal use and hand washing in mild detergents.
Dark stains on egg spoons and fork tips can be removed quickly, by placing the cutlery in an old aluminum saucepan with cold water. It is added to the water 1 teaspoon (5 ml) baking soda on 2 glasses (500 ml). Heat the water well and keep it just below the boiling point for a few minutes, then take the cutlery out and dry it with a polishing cloth until it is glossy.
Bigger, neglected and very darkened and ornamented silver items can be tightly wrapped in aluminum foil and cooked as above with baking soda in an aluminum pan. This method of gloss restoration damages the clad objects less than cleaning them strongly. After taking it out of the water, the silver is polished with a soft cloth with a suitable polish.
The addresses of companies silvering items are usually found in the "yellow pages" of the telephone book under the heading "electroplating" or simply "silver plating". Professionals can perform miracles with damaged silver. The cost of the service is justifiable, especially in the case of damaged cutlery and tea pots.
Please pay more attention to plated salt shakers, which in wet weather are quickly eroded by the action of salt - it destroys the silver coating and the metal covered with it. Always remove salt from silver salt shakers, if they are not constantly used, then wash and dry them thoroughly.
A bluish-green deposit around the pinholes or above the glass insert indicates corrosion. It should be removed as soon as possible, how is this possible, repeatedly polishing with a silver preparation, and brush the cleaned area with olive oil or oil. Before using the salt shaker, the oil must be wiped off.
Silver teapots, coffee makers and jugs with silver lids keeps open. Otherwise a musty smell may emerge, difficult to remove.
You can put a piece of sugar in an unused teapot, to prevent mold, but sometimes it attracts ants and cockroaches. So better dry the teapot or jug and keep it open.
Tannin deposits on a silver teapot can be removed with borax or a ready-made tannin solvent (1 heaped teaspoon (5 ml) per liter of water boiled in a teapot). The solution is allowed to cool, then spills and scrapes the inside of the teapot with a nylon brush. The spout is cleaned with a small bottle brush. If the holes in the strainer are heavily contaminated with tannin, they should be cleaned from the inside of the kettle, pushing a pipe cleaner through them.
Silver items with a raised or engraved pattern are perfectly cleaned with a silver polish. The remnants of the formulation are removed, wiping the item with a cloth moistened with ammonia. For the preparation to better penetrate into the recesses of the pattern, it is applied with an old shaving brush. The item is rinsed in a hot washing bath, and then in hot clean water. Dries and polishes to a shine.
Not all stains can be removed. When the silver coating is damaged, the only solution is re-silver plating. Some stains disappear, when rubbed with a soft cloth with ammonia. You can also make a paste with baking soda and warm water, which is rubbed on the stain with a straightened piece of aluminum foil. Caution: A crushed piece of foil can scratch the soft silver surface.
The silver polishing cloth is useful for quickly dusting everyday silver. Such cloths can be bought or prepared at home.
Old soft dish cloths or square pieces of hemmed flannel are suitable for this, which need to be immersed in a silver cleaning solution, then dry and keep in a plastic bag; they are used to wipe silver after washing. If the silver is to come into contact with food, need to be washed again. The cloth can be washed regularly and soaked in the preparation again.