Removing stains and dirt - Wool
Wool clothes and other items must be washed carefully. Never use hot water for this and never pour water directly onto the fabric. The washing bath should be cold or lukewarm, with soap flakes or a mild liquid detergent or woolen detergent. Wool should not be anointed, twist, scrub or rub; this action only puffs the wool and causes felting.
White woolen garments - especially children's knitted garments - must not be dried in the sun, because it will turn yellow.
Wool woolen garments should be wred out as soon as possible and hung up to dry. You can also lay it flat or dry it in a dryer set to the lowest possible temperature.
Some items of woolen garments are machine washable, by setting it to the shortest cycle; others require hand washing. The washing machine should be lined with a soft towel, so that the wool remains soft and fluffy. The water should be cold or lukewarm with a woolen detergent. Take the clothes out of the washing machine immediately after rinsing.
When the product is still wet, it must be properly shaped, then hang to dry. Sweaters can be hung over old tights pulled through the sleeves, attaching the feet and the elastic at the waist to the cords. The stores have special plastic nets for flat drying.
Hand washed and rinsed wools can then be attached to the washed garments in the washing machine, just before the last spin. This will remove excess water and speed up drying.
You can also wrap a wet piece of woolen clothing in a thick towel, to drain the water.
Most synthetic yarn products will come out of the wash like new. Other, washed improperly, they will stretch disproportionately.
Shrunken wool sweaters. Sometimes they can be restored to their proper dimensions. For this you need to dissolve 75 g of bitter salt in such an amount of hot water, to cover the product. This is done in a large plastic bowl or porcelain wash basin, never in a metal vessel. Let the solution cool down to body temperature. Shrunken clothing, washed and dry, soak in it for half an hour. You have to keep an eye on this time, that all parts of the product are thoroughly immersed and move it several times. Take the product out of the solution and wrap it in a towel, to drain the water.
Unwrap the garment from the towel and lay it flat. Stretch methodically along and across, comparing it with another garment from time to time, having the correct dimensions. Hang to dry on pantyhose or plastic net. Stretch a few more times during drying.
When it's almost dry, iron on a softly padded board with a steam iron set to the wool ironing temperature and check the dimensions.
Miracles are not to be expected. Some fabrics give up easier than others, but the procedure is inexpensive and well worth trying, if he were to save some valuable garment.
Stretched sweaters. Some heavy knitwear, especially hand-knitted, they stretch after washing. This is usually why it is, that they were hung on a string, when they were still heavy with water. Expensive cashmere and other woolen fabrics can stretch as well, if they are washed carelessly.
Steaming. Sometimes knitted products (but not acrylic) can be steamed. The dry product should be immersed in hot, but not boiling water. Soak for a few minutes, turning and watching, that all parts are under water. This is best done in a bathtub. Do not lift out of the water, unless it is removed completely, supporting it from below with both hands. Then squeeze out as much water, as much as possible and wrap in a fluffy towel and squeeze again. Dry flat, as stated above, on an unfolded towel. After drying, gently iron with a steam iron, without dragging the iron sideways, just pressing the seat next to the seat.
Before you buy any thick wool sweater, please read the tag. It may be, that only dry cleaning or a special washing procedure is indicated.