Ironing from A to Z.
The perfect iron is like that, which has a built-in water tank and has the function of steaming and the ability to discharge steam at the touch of a button. in addition, the iron should have different ironing programs, taking into account the requirements of various types of fabrics. When choosing an iron, it is worth paying attention to whether it is light and easy to maneuver, which will undoubtedly facilitate ironing. To keep the iron in good condition, you need to take good care of it.
Regular descaling of the iron we will prevent rusty stains on clothes. To clean the water tank, pour it into it vinegar with water (solution in ratio 1:1) and turn on the iron. We leave them, for about five minutes to steam, and then we remove the remainder of the mixture. When the iron is dry, repeat the treatment, but using only water alone. We do this until the vinegar has completely evaporated from the iron. Caution: clothes must not be ironed right away without completely removing the vinegar, as it can seriously damage fabrics. Wanting to remove dirt accumulated in the steam holes, it is best to use cotton buds. We do not use any sharp tools, as they may scratch the iron. This in turn, what you need to clean the plate of the iron depends on the type of dirt or sediment formed on it. If there is wax adhering to the plate of the iron, heat them to the highest temperature and iron them on the newspaper, until the sediment is gone. On the other hand, we remove the oily coating, wiping the cold plate of the iron with ammonia and rinsing it with water. A good cleanser, vinegar is the one that can easily deal with most of the dirt on the iron plate. Moisten the cloth with vinegar and vigorously wipe the iron plate. For greater effectiveness, you can mix vinegar with baking soda.
Ironing various types of fabrics
Before ironing your clothes, always check the label with ironing instructions.
Viscose - iron clothes made of this fabric, while they are still wet, on the left side, at low temperature.
Silk – prasuj, while the material is still wet, on the left side, preferably with a steam iron.
Velvet - only on the left side.
Nylon i poliester - iron on the wrong side when the fabric is almost dry, at low temperature, to avoid fabric shine.
Cotton – prasuj, while the material is still wet, iron on high temperature.
Lace - moisten with sweetened water, then iron, spread out on a thick towel.
Wool - iron at low temperature, through a damp cloth or a linen towel. Direct contact with the surface of the iron can leave shiny streaks.
Len - the easiest way to iron, while the material is still wet, with the iron set to maximum temperature.
Corduroy - its ironing is risky. After washing, brush the garment with a damp brush in the direction of the stripes and hang it on a hanger until it is completely dry.
Prasuj, when they are not completely dry yet. Start with the collar, then go to the sleeves, back and front. Moisten larger creases with your fingers moistened with water, then iron. Do not fold right away - let the shirt cool on the hanger. If you store your shirt on a hanger, fasten the last and middle buttons - thanks to this they will not wrinkle in the wardrobe.
Ties are not ironed! So what to do, when they are crumpled? Wrap the tie around a bottle filled with hot water and wait a few minutes. The tie will be ironed.
Iron the pants through a damp cloth, in this way you will avoid the unsightly shine of the material.
Before ironing, wipe the garment with a damp cloth. Thanks to this you will avoid the shine effect, which makes clothes look old and worn.
Ironing fabrics. What is worth knowing ...
Always iron on the wrong side of the fabric, preferably through a cloth. The temperature of the iron depends on the type of fabrics being ironed. Cotton and linen can be ironed with a hot iron. Silk and wool tolerate a much lower temperature (medium thermostat setting). Chemical fibers are the most sensitive to heat. Therefore, they should be ironed only with a slightly warmed iron. Because we often deal with mixed fiber materials (e.g.. only with jedwabiem, viscose with acetate), keep in mind, that in such cases, the strength of the fabric determines the ironing temperature.
In order to check the properties of the material, first perform a compression test on a scrap of it, taking into account the reaction of the material to moisture (when ironing with a humidifier).
Len, cotton and wool can only be ironed perfectly with a humidifier (possibly a damp cloth). The same is pressed materials "with a nap", otherwise, ugly shiny smooth spots are formed on them. In turn, a number of other materials can only be ironed dry. If even a little bit of moisture remains in them, then, during ironing, wavy bulges appear on them. tip: Always dry iron through a cloth.
Silk, viscose and acetate can be dry ironed, but they are ironed faster and more efficiently with a humidifier. Be careful when ironing them through a damp cloth. If the cloth is too wet, the fabric may have wet edges imprinted on it, which cannot be eliminated so easily. These types of materials are most efficiently pressed, while they are still slightly damp. When ironing with a humidifier, it is good to iron them through a dry cloth.
Don't forget to iron while sewing! You always should iron the entire fabric before cutting. After each tailoring activity, the previously prepared fragment of the model should be ironed, e.g.. iron the seams before trimming or the bottom edge before sewing the underlay. The seams must first be ironed flat, and then dispense their supplies. So that the edges of the seams do not reflect on the right side of the fabric after ironing, you should put paper strips under them in advance. If the edges are still visible, the fabric should be ironed once more only under the seam stocks.
How to remove iron marks?
Yellowing can be eliminated by wiping them with water with citric acid (a teaspoon of kvass in half a glass of water). Whereas shiny traces will disappear from dark material, if you put a damp linen cloth on top of them, and then wet iron the garment.